Vince Cable & the future of higher education

Business Secretary, Vince Cable, made a speech this morning about the future of higher education.  He has discussed a graduate tax, 2-year degrees, and various measures that can cut costs, but retain high standards.

Wordle: Vince Cable Universities Speech - 15 July 2010
Click here to see a Wordle of Cable’s speech

Would sweeping changes like 2-year degrees make a big difference?  Maybe.  Can ‘higher education’ as a wide collective term be expected to embrace such ideas without problem?  No.

While some universities are bound to jump at the chance of a two-year degree structure, others will be vehemently against it.  The difference of opinions will be down to this:

“We don’t know what higher education is for any more.” [source]

This comes from the previous President of Dublin City University, Ferdinand von Prondzynski. He makes a sensible point.

Put another way, higher education has been given too much to do.  Too much dilution results in not enough focus.  Two-year degrees can’t be made to work across the board.  Cable said we need to “re-think the case of universities from the beginning”.  The re-think on higher education needs to cover HE as a concept and as an entire sector.

While I am happy to see discussion and new thinking about 2-year degrees, it isn’t simple to wave a magic wand and change the landscape of higher education.  Academics with large research responsibilities are already stretched for time, so where would the extra teaching time come from?  Additionally, 3-year degrees cannot just disappear so the option would need to remain.  It would be entirely unreasonable to see a drop in teaching quality and standards as a result of new degree models.

photo by bisgovuk

Vince Cable (photo by bisgovuk)

Vince Cable hasn’t actually made any policy proposals this morning, but he is pointing toward a future that he would like to see.  He is urging the Browne Review to consider a graduate tax as a feasible alternative to the current fees system.  Cable said his suggestions may sound radical, but are not.  He asks that we continue the debate and make some truly radical moves to help the future of HE.

Radical proposals are fine so long as they have a solid foundation.  A change for the sake of change is no guarantee of a better way.

Is now the time to see universities coming together in collaboration, rather than fighting for scraps in a panic that they might lose what is dear to them?  I would love to see better engagement and participation between institutions.  At the same time, I would like to see those institutions in a position where they can showcase their unique traits with ease.

One way for universities to develop their unique identity is through a powerful mission statement.  Right now, current mission statements could come from any university, as Times Higher Education discussed earlier this year.

With this in mind, I believe the following ideas are also worth pursuing:

  • Give universities more freedom in creating their specific mission, vision and values;
  • Allow universities to develop their specialisms more easily, so long as they are unique, have valid reasoning, stick within their mission aims, and give teaching at least as much priority as research;
  • Promote greater collaborative engagement between institutions;
  • Ensure institutions do not pick only the most profitable degrees and methods of assessment;
  • Acknowledge the wide remit HE has rather than pretend all institutions are the same and/or ignore their major (sometimes uniquely defining) differences.

These ideas would identify what would suit each institution, while also giving students better information on deciding where to study, what will benefit them, and why an institution can deliver that for them.

Many ideas are being touted, leaked and proposed regarding the future of higher education.  From new ways of funding through to different degree models, we may see certain fundamental ‘rules’ rewritten.  I am ready to treat this time with enthusiasm, although it doesn’t stop my fear that some decisions could be rushed.  Indeed, some choices may be made that are based solely on cost and saving money.  These are difficult times as much as they are interesting times.  Everyone needs to tread carefully here.  Not just students, not just staff, not any single group.  HE covers so much ground that most people are (or will be) involved in one way or another.

HE stands for so much that we need a different way of classifying what each institution, or department, or member of staff, or student, is working toward.  More from von Prondzynski:

“It is time for something better. It is time to understand what part of higher education is vocational, and what part is educational in a broader sense. It is time to have a plan about how graduates will develop their careers on leaving education. It is time to state more clearly what we see as the benefits of higher degrees, particularly doctorates. And it is time to engage and motivate those working in higher education so that they can apply energy and skill to their tasks and so that they can lose the instinct to feel nostalgic about whatever went before.”

I am writing this post fresh from hearing Vince Cable’s speech and getting feedback from commentators, blogs, news posts, and my Twitter feed.  There is a lot of excitement, a lot of confusion, a lot of ideas, a lot of backlash…a lot of everything, quite frankly.

Times Higher Education started a #loveHE campaign recently.  The very reason why a mere speech stirs up so many emotions shows just how many people do love higher education.  The conversation — and the love — is starting to move out toward the wider public.  Whether you love or hate what Vince Cable has said and no matter how you will eventually feel about the outcomes of such wide debate, it’s crucial that we keep that love of higher education going.

Are we in this together?

Further links:

6 comments

  1. “A change for the sake of change is no guarantee of a better way.”
    Indeed, take for example the redesign of the BBC News website and the many comments along the lines of ‘if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it’. That said, I think we all know that the HE funding and student finance system is broke (in both senses of the word!), but I share your fear that some decisions may be rushed.
    “Are we in this together?”
    If we #loveHE we are!

  2. Change is inevitable and HE must take on the challenge or fold. Truely a change for the sake of change is not a guarantee to success but with universities talking and collaborating then I think HE will survive and continue to grow.

  3. I agree that it is time for increased collaboration between universities. We already share our ideas and expertise more than most sectors through conferences [not to mention blogs such as this one!].

    I have been somewhat skeptical of the Shared Services agenda, which strikes me as driven by oversimplistic ideas of economies of scale. However we do have some excellent shared services, such as http://www.outofhourshelp.ac.uk/

    I want to see collaborations between universities where the partners play to their strengths and unique missions. The most obvious example of a university with a unique mission is the Open University.

    After some high profile failures, I think traditional universities widely accept that distance learning is not a cash cow to sell their wares to more and more students. That is the core strength of the OU, it has the skills to do it and has the market sewn up.

    How about a traditional three year full-time university degree but with one year delivered at a distance by the OU? Perhaps two years are delivered in a traditional university setting, and one year consists of an industrial placement with simultaneous distance learning modules delivered by the OU. This should cut the cost of delivery while increasing students experience and future employability.

    I hope forward thinking VCs are queuing up to talk to Martin Bean…

  4. @Harriet, I must admit I do quite like the Beeb News redesign. Seems to be slightly more to browse. As for being in it together, I’m glad to hear it…I hope we ALL #loveHE!

    @cornerstone, I keep my fingers crossed that we have enough collaboration going on to make that difference!

    @Nick, you’re absolutely right that a great deal is already shared, which is fantastic. That makes me even more sad when some unis, groups & individuals make comments based on their own interests, ignoring the bigger picture. I can’t help but think that’s not the right move now, especially in these unusual times.

    You’ve got some good ideas there on possible new degree routes. I imagine more flexible routes are the way forward, so long as they can be found workable. That’s partially why I would rather separate institutions had the choice. A broad brush approach bringing in new rules across the board would surely not be helpful to anyone at this juncture.

  5. I’ve been mulling Vinny’s speech over in my mind and I suppose that a graduate tax is a step in the right direction. But a tax on individuals, like a loan, encourages the idea that education is about nothing more than gaining competitive advantage over others in the job market.

    I have absolutely no objection to paying more tax, and having more of it spent on educating other people, because of the massive collective benefits that come from living in a well educated society.

    But what I would really like to hear, before any policies are brought forward, is a conversation about what we think higher education is for? At the moment, it seems, Vinny’s response to that question might be that HE should be for about 2 years!

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